Sunday, February 23, 2020

Procurement & Contracts Coursework Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5750 words

Procurement & Contracts Coursework - Assignment Example 57). One of the key attributes of PPP is that it not only facilitates public-private partnerships during the construction phase, but it provides for post-construction services to be managed by a private agency. It has been argued that by taking this approach, the construction design is usually conducted contemplating subsequent services which ultimately lowers the cost of services. Moreover, the nature and duration of the PPP encourages a relationship of trust and facilitates the free flow of information (Hoppe & Schmitz, 2013). Likewise, Private Finance Initiative (PFI), project procurement, a form of PPP, is particularly important when the public budget is constrained by economic difficulties such as the current economic downturn. PFI is a method by which the public sector secures â€Å"value for money† and the private sector â€Å"service provider† assumes the risks associated with the project (Akintoye, Hardcastle, Beck, Chinyio, & Asenova, 2003, p. 461). Given that the global economic downturn has impacted the UK government’s ability to deliver and meet the demands for health services, a PFI-PPP procurement route is the more innovative and least costly option over traditional procurement routes. ... Traditional procurement routes will also be discussed. The Principles of Public-Private Partnership Procurement Definition PPP is defined by the OECD as: †¦an agreement between the government and one or more private partners (which may include the operators and the financers) according to which the private partners deliver the service in such a manner that the service delivery objectives of the government are aligned with the profit objectives of the private partners and where the effectiveness of the alignment depends on a sufficient transfer or risk to the private partners (OECD, 2008, p. 17). PPP therefore takes the involvement of the private sector to more proactive level and does not merely involve a limited contractual arrangement. PPP is best understood when compared to traditional procurement routes. PPP vs Traditional Procurement Routes Instinctively, the concept of PPP invokes ambivalence over the idea of the private sector becoming involved in the construction and man agement of public infrastructure. However, as Grimsey and Mervyn (2007) point out: †¦the old command and control structures of the public sector are breaking down and are being replaced by interrelationships between government and private sector entities (p. 171). Although traditional procurement routes use the private sector, PPPs can be distinguished in a significant way. Traditional procurement routes usually involve private entities constructing roads, hospitals, schools, public buildings and schools and so on. Private companies also manage and maintain the infrastructure. However, with PPPs, rather than use individual agreements, the agreements are combined in

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Cloning cdc2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Cloning cdc2 - Essay Example This was used to calculate the transformation efficiency of the experiment.The aim of carrying out this experiment was to try out carry out cloning of E. coli and to calculate how efficient the cloning was. The following are the key words that will be used in this report. To begin with is the word smid pALA2, which represents the plasmid to be used in the experiment. The other word is S. pombe. This in full is known as the Schizosaccharomycespombe. It is a species of yeast that is rod shaped and reproduces by fission. In this experiment on cloning, the yeast has been used in the determination of how the cell responds to DNA replication and destruction. The other key word in this report is cdc2, which stands for cell division control protein 2. This is also referred to by the name Cyclin-dependent kinase 1. It plays the role of encoding the fission yeast S.pombe in this experiment. This section contains a brief description of the tables and figures that will be used in the report. They are as follows; figure one represents the gels showing the purified genomic DNA from S. pombe, compared to the provided DNA sample. Figure two is of the virtual gel showing restriction digest of purified plasmids. Figure three is of plasmid CPP, lane PCR product and purified PC. The forth figure is the control made of the Marker, KpnI cut pALA2 plasmid, the fifth is KpnI cut pALA2, which is a cdc2 orientation of the first plasmid. The sixth figure is the KpnI cut pALA2 that is also a cdc2 orientation of the second plasmid. The final figure is figure seven that shows the plasmid maps. Table one in the report shows the qubit values and the student number. Cloning can be defined in many ways though all these definitions will add up to the same thing. Cloning generally refers to the process of giving rise to organisms that are alike genetically either in nature like in the asexual reproduction of certain

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Technology in the 20th Century Paper Essay Example for Free

Technology in the 20th Century Paper Essay There are many notable advances made in technology that took place during the twentieth century. The world gradually moved from the industrial age into the technology age during this era. Once technology took hold nothing could hold back the flood of its advancement and the innovation that grew from it. Of all of the important advancements three standouts that are intimately connected are the inventions of the radio, computers, and the internet. The radio could be said as the beginning of the information age and the sharing of information worldwide. The Radio The radio actually made it possible for the first time in humanity’s history for an audience to hear a person from many miles away. Before the television the radio was a way of gathering of people and families to share news and the storytelling that would have once perhaps been told around a communal fire. According to Kinsey, between the years of 1909 and 1927 Britain, America, Australia, South Africa, and the Netherlands were all broadcasting wirelessly through the radio (Kinsey, 2005). During this time radio broadcasts were all commercial, but that soon gave way to other kinds of broadcasts including music. Computers Another huge advancement created in the twentieth century is the computer. The computers that are enjoyed today hardly resemble the huge calculating machines that were created around the time of the second world war. In 1944 the very first electronic- mechanical computer called MARK 1 was created at Harvard. This machine was a massive calculator that was fifty one feet wide and eight feet tall (Chee, 1997). The beginning of the smaller computers that we know today started in 1959 when Honeywell developed the first computers that used transistors. These were followed by IBM who used integrated circuits. The very first personal computers were built in the 1970’s with the computers that are recognizable today starting in 1974 with the first Apple PC being created in 1977. Computer technology continues to grow and expand creating increasingly smaller and faster machines to keep up  with today’s fast paced life. The small seven or eight inch portable ipad has little resemb lance to its humongous forefather the MARK 1. The Internet The internet’s history is tied to the government and the Cold War in the 1960’s. The over 300,000 networks that cover much of the world actually saw its beginning as a system that was created to use satellites and radio transmissions to communicate for the military. The problem with the system was that there were not any networks to share the information. A system that solved this problem was created in 1982 and by 1993 the World Wide Web was popularized by nuclear physists that needed to communicate with each other (Chee, 1997). By the end of the 1980’s a number of mostly professional people were utilizing the Internet and email, but by the 1990’s the internet would see massive growth. By the end of 1999 the number of people using the internet was estimated to be 248 million (Cohen, 2011). The world has been made a smaller place because of the internet. People all around the earth can see events that are happening real time in places they may never physic ally get to visit. The many challenges that persist for humanity are made visible on a daily basis which in turn can be a way for people to see one another as extensions of themselves instead of enemies to be conquered. In conclusion, the social changes that arose from two world wars fertilized a society that was eager to learn and explore our world. While the society of the twentieth century struggled to gain realistic views of humanity, technological advancements like the radio, computers, and the Internet helped to create a much smaller world. The technology that is taken for granted in today’s society had very humble beginnings in the twentieth century. That technology has helped to close the gap and erase some of the imaginary lines that have historically separated the world’s population. These innovations have helped to heal the collective scars of decades of war, proving to humanity that we are alike in more ways than we could ever imagine. References: Chee, H. W. (1997, Mar 27). Brief look at the history of computers. New Straits Times. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/269127308?accountid=458 Cohen-Almagor, R. (2011). Internet History. International Journal of Technoethics (IJT), 2(2), 45-64. doi:10.4018/jte.2011040104Article Kinsey, M.(2005). Radio. In Key concepts in journalism studies. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/content/entry/sageukjour/radio/0

Monday, January 20, 2020

The Use of Vocabulary in Dulce Et Decorum Est and The Volunteer Essay

The Use of Vocabulary in Dulce Et Decorum Est and The Volunteer 'The Volunteer' by Herbert Asquith and 'Dulce Et Decorum Est' by Wilfred Owen are two poems, which cast very different opinions on the Great War of 1914 - 1918. In 'The Volunteer' Asquith has created an inspirational mood, one that indicates patriotism and optimism. However, 'Dulce Et Decorum Est' contrasts 'The Volunteer', with its angry and bitter mood. One of the principal aspects that help to create the mood is the use of particular vocabulary. In 'The Volunteer', the vocabulary used is rather simple with words that reflect and familiarise with glorious pieces of English history. 'Nor need he any hearse to bear him hence, Who goes to join the men of Agincourt.' Using such vocabulary gives the English reader a sense of pride and willingness to fight and die for their country. Also the poem uses words such as 'toiling', 'gleaming', 'charging' and 'thundering'. These examples of onomatopaeia emphasise what Asquith is meaning to say in the particular section of the poem. 'Toiling at ledgers in a city grey,' is used to describe the working and unchanging cycle of the life of a clerk. The words 'grey' and 'toiling' emphasise the tone of repetitiveness and dullness used in this particular section of the poem. As the poem develops, the tone becomes glorious, patriotic and optimistic. 'Yet ever 'twixt the books and his bright eyes The gleaming eagles of the legions came; And horsemen, charging under phantom skies, Went thundering beneath the oriflamme.' This excert demonstrates contrast, onomatopaeia and vivid imagery. The words 'gleaming', 'charging' and 'thundering' help to build up the mood, making it become gloriu... ... back to the beautiful country that bure it. 'A pulse in the eternal mind no less Gives somewhere back the thoughts by England given;' The poem considers heaven and all it's inhabitants as being English. 'In hearts at peace, under an English heaven.' 'Futility' contradicts the moods, opinions and tones of 'The Soldier'. It believes that dying for something is pointless and nothing has been achieved, it asks what is the point of living only to die? 'Are limbs, so dear-achieved, are sides, Full-nerved---still warm---too hard to stir?...' It is a poem which changes tones several times, going from soft and gentle, to harsher and questioning, to pure bitterness. The overall mood is bitter and harsh and reflects Owen's opinion of war. 'Was it for this the clay grew tall O what made fatuous sunbeams toil To break earth's sleep at all?'

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Character Traits of Frair Lawerance Essay

In the play Romeo and Juliet, Friar Lawrence is one of the characters with an amazing personality. Friar Lawrence character is shown as trustworthy, friendly, and a helpful man. The first trait of Friar Lawrence’s personality is him being honest and trustworthy. When talking to Romeo Friar Lawrence says â€Å"But come, young waverer, come, go with me. In one respect I’ll thy assistant be† (A.2.3.96-97). By telling this to Romeo Friar Lawrence is telling him that he can be trusted to marry him to Juliet. Also Romeo and Juliet believe he will keep their marriage a secret, that why they trust him. Friar Lawrence could have told both the Montague’s and the Capulet’s that their children are getting married to each other. Instead Friar had kept his word, and not saying anything because he thought maybe the two households would become closer. â€Å"For this alliance may so happy prove to turn your household’s rancor to pure love†(A.2.3.98-99). Everyone trusts Friar with their secretes, by confessing to him†. This is another way Shakespeare shows that Friar is very trusted. Friar Lawrence is also a friendly man. He is friendly because he cares about Romeo and Juliet’s problems. He is a friend to Romeo because he talks to him daily. In one conversation with Romeo Friar says â€Å"I’ll give thee armor to keep off that word, adversity’s sweet milk. Philosophy, to comfort thee, though art banished† (A.3.3.57-59). This shows that Friar Lawrence is a friend because he tries to comfort Romeo. He also says he will protect him. By comforting and protecting Romeo Friar shows the quality of a good friend. Friar is also a helpful man when Romeo comes to Friar in a desperate need to marry; he helps him by marrying Romeo to Juliet. â€Å"Wisely and slow, they stumble that run fast†. Friar Lawrence attempts to tell Romeo to take his decision carefully. Also when Juliet had no one else was left to save Juliet form getting married to Paris. Friar Lawrence was the one who helped Juliet, when she comes to see him, by making a scheme to fake her death so she will not need to marry Paris.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Older Woman Essay - 1534 Words

Older Women - Hidden Sexual Abuse Victims Although other forms of violence within the family have received increasing attention from professionals and the media over recent years, including the physical abuse and neglect of children, child sexual abuse, and domestic violence, elder abuse remains relatively hidden. This is especially true of sexual abuse of older persons. While there are some references to stranger rapes of older women, the topic of elder sexual abuse within the family is rarely addressed in the professional literature, and seldom confronted by social workers, medical personnel or advocates. This is partly true because sexuality is usually associated with younger people. Yet, if sexual abuse is a function of power and†¦show more content†¦Over one-third were elderly themselves, and were the victims spouse, male friend or brother. The most frequent form of abuse suffered by the victims in the study was repeated vaginal rape.2 In a similar study by Malcolm Holt in Great Britain in 1992, 90 elder sexual abuse cases were identified by professionals. Of those, 86% were women, and 14% were men. Almost all the victims of both sexes were over 85 years old and functioned at a poor or very poor level, rendering them totally dependent on others for care. Ninety-eight percent of the abusers of both sexes were male. For the women in the study over half of the abusers were their adult sons while 14% were their husbands; for the men almost two-thirds of the abusers were friends and one-third were housekeepers. As in the Massachusetts study, most of the women were vaginally raped; over three-quarters of the men were anally raped.3 In the cases of marital rape, it is not known if the assaults began late in life or were present throughout the length of the marriage. Since 14% of all married women are raped by their husbands,4 it is likely that at least some of the victims were sexually mistreated for most of their adult years. Older women, who may have been socialized to believe that wives must always submit to their husbands wishes, may continue to suffer sexual mistreatment silently. There are anecdotal data to suggest that some victims are lifelong batteredShow MoreRelatedRomance confession: my affair with an older woman1100 Words   |  5 Pagesaffair with an older woman I lost my virginity when I was 18 in an affair with an older woman who was 24 years my senior. It happened during 1993, in rural Ireland. It is a country that was and still is to an extent, quite backward. I had never any real trouble getting girlfriends, although I was still quite sexually inexperienced. Girls my age were very careful and sex before marriage was frowned upon in Catholic Ireland. The woman who changed my life was a 42 year old English woman who lived aloneRead MoreAn Older Woman - Original Writing987 Words   |  4 PagesAn older woman use to enjoy sitting in front of her mirror putting on her makeup, painting her nails, and brushing her hair. The old woman keeps a picture beside her mirror of what she look like when she was twenty. She had thick black hair, an oval face and nails with bright red polish on them. When she looked in the mirror now she saw an older lady with gray hair, wrinkles on her face, and yellow nails. Her face is wrinkled because she has lost â€Å"subcutaneous fat and water beneath the skin’sRead MoreThe Ethical And Legal Issues1831 Words   |  8 Pagesmatter. Contrasting Views While there are several components to the concept of autonomy, this paper will compare and contrast the elements pertaining to autonomy within the healthcare and legal system. When President Lyndon B. 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In the movie â€Å"Somethings Gotta Give†, Harry dates a younger woman and when he meetsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Girl By Jamaica Kincaid848 Words   |  4 Pageswomen. â€Å"Girl† by Jamaica Kincaid is a short story that launched her career. A story of an older woman who provides an endless list of rules or advice, using the discouragement of female sexuality and showing how it defines what it means to be a woman and shapes the way women are expected to behave to a young girl. This short story limits to what women are able to do and what they cannot do. Often the older women seem more insulting and scolding than helpful to the younger girl. â€Å"Girl† has a varietyRead MoreEssay about Analysis of Alison from the Millers Tale, Canterbury Tales664 Words   |  3 Pages18-year-old wife of a carpenter who is much older than the wo man. The authors description of the young wife seems to suggest that she was so wild, beautiful, and desirable that the old man had a difficult time containing his jealousy. Chaucer uses a number of expressions to paint a picture of the young wife. The use of the term paint is intentional here, since Chaucer seems to be painting (with words) the image of a picture perfect young woman who resembles a painted porcelain doll.Read MoreVictorian Values Of Virtue And Respectability831 Words   |  4 Pageswell as signs of removal and absence to suggest that she had been absent for a long time. The term ‘European trip’ was a commonly used term at the time to discreetly explain a woman being absent as she was pregnant and went to give the child up for adoption. 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Even after all the trouble women go through to look accordingRead MoreThe Womans Natural Journey from Adolescence to Menopause Essay790 Words   |  4 Pages Women between adolescence and menopause do not experience trauma in adjusting to their roles as a woman. With the topic being broad and not giving much detail, I would have to assume that this is women who have led a relatively normal life, with all the nature intended changes. Trauma is an event that creates a long lasting negative effect on a person. Trauma is usually associated with a wife witnessing her husband being killed, a soldier witnessing a member of his platoon being shot at. 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Friday, December 27, 2019

Child Welfare Authorities Became Aware Of The Abuse,...

On November 4th 1970, Los Angeles child welfare authorities became aware of the abuse, neglect, and social isolation of Susan â€Å"Genie† Wiley. Upon farther investigation, they discovered that Susan, a thirteen-year-old, had been severely maltreated by her father. Susan’s father came to a conclusion early in her life that she was socially unfit or â€Å"retarded’ and was ashamed of her. He hid her in the back bedroom of the Wiley home and kept her from neighbors, family, and friends. Thus leaving Susan unable to develop language skills learned from communicating and interacting with other people. She was taking away from her home and placed in the care of the state. Scientist and Psychologist took this as an opportunity to test hypotheses and theories on language acquisition skills. Susan learned gradually, but because she was not exposed to early childhood language skills, she was not able to retain the information permanently. Even today in her late fifties, she is ward of the state in California and has limited verbal skills. At initial assessment it is clear that Susan is in imminent danger of serious harm and should be immediately removed from her home. There are evident signs of physical, mental, and emotional abuse; possibly signs of sexual abuse; and she is significantly malnourished by her parents. Susan appears to look and act like a seven year old, but is in fact thirteen years old. She is currently not in the same home as her father, but is in her mother’s care, whoShow MoreRelatedChild Protection6556 Words   |  27 PagesEvery single child in the world regardless of race, culture, gender, age deserves to be loved, cared for and kept free from harm and abuse. Children have a right to enjoy their childhood free from violence, injury or abuse at the hands of adults. 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Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Whetten, David A. (David Allred) Developing management skills /David A. Whetten, Kim S. Cameron.—8th ed. p.Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesRiver, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Robbins, Stephen P. Organizational behavior / Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge. — 15th ed. p. cm. 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